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List of CompTIA acronyms and a way to memorise them.

Discussion in 'A+' started by The Zig, Sep 28, 2008.

  1. soundian

    soundian Gigabyte Poster

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    Code:
    ACL 	 Access Control List 
    AD  	 Active Directory 
    ADSL 	 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line 
    AFP 	 Apple File Protocol 
    AH 	Authentication Header 
    AM 	Amplitude Modulation 
    AMI 	 Alternate Mark Inversion 
    APIPA 	 Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing 
    ARP 	 Address Resolution Protocol 
    ATM 	Asynchronous Transfer Mode 
    AV 	Anti–Virus 
    BDC 	Backup Domain Controller 
    BERT 	Bit-Error Rate Test 
    BIND 	 Berkeley Internet Name Domain 
    BNC 	 British Naval Connector / Bayonet Niell-Concelman  
    BootP 	 Boot Protocol  /Bootstrap Protocol 
    BRI  	Basic Rate Interface 
    BSD  	Berkeley Software Distribution 
    CDFS 	CD-ROM File System 
    CHAP 	 Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol 
    CIFI 	 Common Internet File System 
    CNAME 	Canonical Name 
    CRAM-MD5  	Challenge-Response Authentication Mechanism – Message Digest 5 
    CSMA / CA  	Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Avoidance 
    CSMA / CD  	Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection 
    CSNW  	Client Services for NetWare 
    CSU  	Channel Service Unit 
    dB	 decibels 
    DC	 Domain Controller 
    DHCP 	 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 
    DLC 	 Data Link Control 
    DNS 	 Domain Name Service / Domain Name Server / Domain Name System 
    DSL 	 Digital Subscriber Line 
    DSU 	Data Service Unit 
    EAP 	 Extensible Authentication Protocol 
    EFS 	 Encrypting File System 
    EMI 	ElectroMagnetic Interference 
    FAT  	File Allocation Table 
    FDDI 	 Fiber Distributed Data Interface 
    FDDI 	 Fiber Distributed Data Interface 
    FDM 	Frequency Division Multiplexing
    FHSS 	 Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum 
    FM 	Frequency Modulation 
    FQDN 	 Fully Qualified Domain Name / Fully Qualified Distunguished Name 
    FTP 	 File Transfer Protocol 
    GBIC 	 Gigabit Interface Converter 
    Gbps 	 Giga bits per second 
    GPO 	 Group Policy Object 
    GSNW  	Gateway Services for NetWare 
    HDLC 	 High-Level Data Link Control 
    HTTP 	 Hypertext Transfer Protocol 
    HTTPS 	Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure 
    Hz	 Hertz 
    IANA 	 Internet Assigned Numbers Authority 
    ICA 	Independent Computer Architecture 
    ICMP  	Internet Control Message Protocol 
    ICS 	 Internet Connection Sharing 
    IEEE 	Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 
    IGMP 	 Internet Group Multicast Protocol 
    IIS	 Internet Information Server 
    IKE 	Internet Key Exchange 
    IMAP4 	 Internet Message Access Protocol version 4 
    IP 	Internet Protocol 
    IPSec 	 Internet Protocol Security 
    IPv4 	 Internet Protocol version 4 
    IPv6 	 Internet Protocol version 6 
    IPX 	 Internetwork Packet Exchange 
    IPX / SPX  	 Internetwork Packet Exchange / Sequence Packet Exchange 
    IRC 	Internet Relay Chat 
    ISA 	 Industry Standard Architecture 
    ISDN	 Integrated Services Digital Network 
    ISM 	 Industrial, Scientific, and Medical 
    ISP 	 Internet Service Provider 
    IT	 Information Technology 
    Kbps 	Kilobits per second 
    L2F 	 Layer 2 Forwarding 
    L2TP 	 Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol 
    LAN	  Local Area Network 
    LC	 Local Connector 
    LDAP 	Lightweight Directory Access Protocol 
    LED 	 Light Emitting Diode 
    LLC 	 Logical Link Control 
    LPD 	 Line Printer Daemon 
    LPR 	 Line Printer Remote 
    MAC 	 Media Access Control / Medium Access Control 
    MAU 	 Multistation Access Unit 
    Mbps 	Megabits per second 
    MBps	 Megabytes per second 
    MDI 	 Media Dependent Interface 
    MDIX 	 Media Dependent Interface Crossover 
    MIB 	 Management Information Base 
    MMF 	MultiMode Fiber 
    MSAU  	MultiStation Access Unit 
    MS-CHAP 	 Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol 
    MT-RJ 	 Mechanical Transfer-Registered Jack 
    MX 	Mail Exchanger 
    NAT 	Network Address Translation 
    NCP 	NetWare Core Protocol 
    NDS 	NetWare Directory Services 
    NetBEUI  	Network Basic Inuput / Output Extended User Interface 
    NetBIOS 	 Network Basic Input / Output System 
    NFS	 Network File System 
    NIC 	Network Interface Card 
    NIS 	Network Information Service 
    NLM 	 NetWare Loadable Modulue 
    nm	 nanometer 
    NNTP  	Network News Transport Protocol 
    NT  	 New Technology 
    NTFS 	 New Technology File System 
    NTP	  Network Time Protocol 
    OCx 	Optical Carrier 
    OS 	Operating Systems 
    OSI 	Open Systems Interconnect 
    OSPF  	Open Shortest Path First 
    OTDR 	 Optical Time Domain Reflectometer 
    OU 	Organizational Unit 
    PAP  	Password Authentication Protocol 
    PC 	Personal Computer 
    PCI 	Peripheral Component Interconnect 
    PCMCIA 	 Personal Computer Memory Card International Association 
    PDC 	 Primary Domain Controller 
    POP3 	 Post Office Protocol version 3 
    POTS  	Plain Old Telephone System 
    PPP 	Point-to-Point Protocol 
    PPPoE  	Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet 
    PPTP 	 Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol 
    PRI  	 Primary Rate Interface 
    PSTN 	 Public Switched Telephone Network 
    PVC 	 Permanent Virtual Circuit 
    QoS 	 Quality of Service 
    RADIUS 	 Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service 
    RAID 	 Redundant Array of Independent Disks / Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks 
    RARP 	 Reverse Address Resolution Protocol 
    RAS 	 Remote Access Service 
    RDP 	 Remote Desktop Protocol 
    RFI 	Radio Frequency Interface 
    RG	 Radio Grade 
    RJ 	Registered Jack 
    RSA  	Rivest, Shamir, Adelman 
    S / MIME  	Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions 
    SC   	Standard Connector  / Subscribor Connector 
    SCP 	 Secure Copy Protocol 
    SFF  	Small Form Factor 
    SFTP  	Secure File Transfer Protocol 
    SLIP 	 Serial Line Internet Protocol 
    SMB 	 Server Message Block 
    SMF 	 Single Mode Fiber 
    SMS 	 Storage Management Services 
    SMTP 	 Simple Mail Transfer Protocol 
    SNMP 	 Simple Network Management Protocol 
    SOA 	Start of Authority 
    SOHO 	 Small Office / Home Office 
    SONET 	Synchronous Optical Network 
    SPS 	 Standby Power Supply 
    SPX 	 Sequence Packet Exchange 
    SSH 	Secure Shell 
    SSID 	 Service Set Identifier 
    SSL 	 Secure Sockets Layer 
    ST  	 Straight Tip 
    STP 	 Shielded Twisted Pair 
    T1 	 T-Carrier Level 1 
    TA 	Terminal Adaptor 
    TCL 	 Terminal Control Language 
    TCP 	 Transmission Control Protocol 
    TCP / IP  	Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol 
    tcsh 	 turbo C shell 
    TDR 	 Time Domain Reflectometer 
    TFTP 	 Trivial File Transfer Protocol 
    TTL  	Time to Live 
    UDP 	 User Datagram Protocol 
    UNC	 Universal Naming Convention 
    UPS 	 Uninterruptible Power Supply 
    URL 	 Uniform Resource Locator 
    USB 	Universal Serial Bus 
    UTP 	 Unshielded Twisted Pair 
    VLAN	  Virtual Local Area Network 
    VPN 	Virtual Private Network 
    WAN 	 Wide Area Network 
    WAP	 Wireless Application Protocol / Wired Access Point 
    WEP 	 Wired Equivalent Privacy 
    WINS 	 Window Internet Name Service 
    WPA 	 Wi-Fi Protected Access 
    www 	 World Wide Web 
    XML	 Extensible Markup Language 
    Zeroconf 	Zero Configuration 
    Since I'm sitting here twiddling my thumbs waiting for books, I though I'd get a head start.
     
    Certifications: A+, N+,MCDST,MCTS(680), MCP(270, 271, 272), ITILv3F, CCENT
    WIP: Knuckling down at my new job
  2. JimConnolly

    JimConnolly Bit Poster

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    Thanks for this The Zig. Really helpful.
     
  3. NetworkMD

    NetworkMD Bit Poster

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    Great suggestion I just took the 801 yesterday and Ports were on several questions so it was important to at lest know the major ones HTTP, HTTPS, DNS and so on
     
  4. Transk53

    Transk53 New Member

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    Hi. First post and I have to say that this thread is very helpful. Thanks to he OP for the effort :)
     
    WIP: A+ and N+
    JK2447 likes this.
  5. zach.mantle

    zach.mantle New Member

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    There are some good android apps on google play by myitstudy. You can use them to memorize the terms and concepts.
     
  6. Jackfh

    Jackfh New Member

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    Just wondering if this is still active. I wasn't able to import them into Mnemosyne, kept getting errors.
    upload_2017-8-28_7-37-2.png
     
    Certifications: A+, Net+, ITIL Foundations
    WIP: Net+ refresh
  7. dmarsh

    dmarsh Terabyte Poster

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    You have a non utf-8 file. a lot of people think any old random text file is valid UTF-8, that is not actually the case.

    UTF-8 can have single byte and multi byte characters in the same file. Its really a condensed form of Unicode, its not ASCII.

    Any byte matching the pattern 10XXXXXX (0x80 to 0xBF) can only be a second or subsequent byte of a multi byte character in a UTF-8 encoding.
     
    Last edited: Aug 31, 2017
  8. Jackfh

    Jackfh New Member

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    Nice! thanks, but how do I import it?
     
    Certifications: A+, Net+, ITIL Foundations
    WIP: Net+ refresh
  9. dmarsh

    dmarsh Terabyte Poster

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    Make it UTF-8 ?

    This means replacing the invalid byte sequence with a valid byte sequence, or simply removing it.

    You could remove the entire line if unsure, unfortunately if the person who created the file was that careless there could be multiple non UTF-8 characters and you will need to replace them all.

    Some text editors like Notepad2 or Textpad++ have a 'save as UTF-8' feature, you could try it.

    https://docs.moodle.org/23/en/Converting_files_to_UTF-8

    http://www.flos-freeware.ch/notepad2.html
    https://www.textpad.com/
    https://www.eclipse.org/

    Maybe try learning what a file encoding is rather than a load of pointless acronyms?

    You can look at the file in hexadecimal using a hex editor.
    https://mh-nexus.de/en/hxd/

    If you search for 0x96 Hex you will find the problem byte, it should be 949 bytes into the file.

    Looking at this table :
    http://www.ascii-code.com/

    0x96 is an extended ASCII character for a dash called 'En dash' and it looks like this '–'

    150 226 96 10010110 – – – En dash

    Extended ASCII is not valid UTF-8. Since ASCII is one of the most common encodings its likely someone pasted Extended ASCII into the UTF-8 file. UTF-8 supports standard ASCII so that is where people get confused.

    Try reading this:-
    https://www.joelonsoftware.com/2003...-about-unicode-and-character-sets-no-excuses/
     
    Last edited: Sep 1, 2017
    JK2447 likes this.
  10. Censorious

    Censorious Bit Poster

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    Zig, Bro thanks for this thread! It was super helpful

    I have shared some Comptia A+ 220-901 plain memorization info, hope it will help someone as it helped me

    Code:
    DHCP     Domain Host Configuration Protocol udp/67-68
    DNS    Domain Name System udp,tcp 53
    LDAP    Lightweight Directory Access Protocol tcp,udp/389
    SNMP    Simple Network Management Protocol udp/161
    SMB    Secure Message Block tcp/445
    SSH    Secure Shell tcp/22
    AFP    Apple Filing Protocol tcp/548
    SLP    Service Location Protocol tcp,udp/427
    FTP    File Transfer Protocol tcp/20 tcp/21
    Telnet    Telecomunication Network tcp/23
    SMTP    Secure Mail Transfer Protocol tcp/25
    HTTP    Hyper Text Transfer Protocol tcp/80
    POP3    Post Office Protocol Ver 3 tcp/110
    IMAP4    Internet Message Access Protocol tcp/143
    HTTPS    Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secured tcp/443
    RDP    Remote Desktop Protocol tcp/3389
    NetBIOS Name    NetBIOS Name Service udp/137
    NetBIOS DataGram    NetBIOS DataGram Service udp/138
    NetBIOS Session    NetBIOS Session Service udp/139
    PCI    133 MB/s to 533 MB/s
    PCI-X    for servers, 1.064 MB/s
    PCIe    Serial communication in lanes, 250 MB/s to 2 GB/s
    SDRAM DIMM    168pins
    DDR DIMM SDRAM    184 pins
    DDR2 and DDR3 DIMM SDRAM    240 pins
    DDR and DDR2 SO-DIMM SDRAM    200 pins
    DDR3 SO-DIMM SDRAM    204 pins
    DDR Micro-DIMM SDRAM    172 pins
    DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAM Micro-Dimm    214 pins
    Socket T LGA    775 Pins; Release date: 2004; Supported CPU's: Pentium 4, Core 2; RAM: DDR2 and DDR3
    Socket B LGA    1366 Pins; Release date: 2008; Supported CPU's: Core I7 (Nehalem); RAM: DDR3 Triple-channel
    Socket H/H1 LGA    1156 Pins; Release date: 2009; Supported CPU's: Core I3/5/7 (Nehalem); Ram: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket H2 LGA    1155 Pins; Release date: 2011; Supported CPU's: Sandy/Ivy Bridge; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket H3 LGA    1150 Pins; Release date: 2013; Supported CPU's: Haswell, Broadwell; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket R LGA    2011 Pins; Release date: 2011; Supported CPU's: Sandy-E/EP, Ivy-E/EP, Haswell-E/EP; RAM: : DDR3/DDR4 quad-channel
    Socket AM3 LGA    941 Pins; Release date: 2009; Supported CPU's: Athlon II/Phenom II; RAM: DDR2/DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket AM3+ LGA    942 Pins; Release date: 2011; Supported CPU's: Athlon II/Phenom II; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket FM1 LGA    905 Pins; Release date: 2011; Supported CPU's: AMD 10h; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket FM2 LGA    904 Pins; Release date: 2012; Supported CPU's: Piledriver; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    Socket FM2+ LGA    906 Pins; Release date: 2014; Supported CPU's: Steamroller; RAM: DDR3 Dual-channel
    virtualization developed by AMD for its CPUs    AMD-V
    Intel CPU hardware enhancements improving support for virtualization    VT-x
    name of a microprocessor component that performs all comparisons and calculations?    ALU (Arithmetic logic unit)
    The AMD CPU brands designed for desktop and workstation computers include:    Athlon;Sempron;Phenom;FX
    Intel CPU server brands include:    Xeon; Itanium
    server-dedicated CPU series designed by AMD:    Opteron
    Maximum USB port count    127 ports
    USB 1.1 Speed    Low speed - 1.5 megabits p/s<br>Highspeed - 12 megabits p/s
    USB 1.1 Lenghts    low 3 meters, <br>high 5 meters
    USB 2.0 Speed    480 megabits p/s
    USB 2.0 Length    5 meters
    USB 3.0 Speed    5 gigabits p/s
    USB 3.0 Length    3 meters
    Thunderbolt v1 speeds    10Gbit/s per channel, 20 Gbit/s total throughput
    Thunderbolt v2 speeds    20 Gbit/s aggregated channels
    Thunderbolt v3 speeds    40 Gbit/s
    Thunderbolt Length    Max 3 meters (copper), 60 meters (optical)
    Firewire 400A name    Alpha mode IEEE 1394a
    Firewire 400 Speed    100, 200, 400 Mbit/s half/duplex
    Firewire Length    4.5 meters (15 feet), 72 meters max
    Firewire 800b = full name?    Beta mode, IEEE 1394b
    Firewire 800b Speed    800 Mbit/s full duplex
    Firewire 800b Length    optical connection 100m max
    Infrared Speed    4Mbit/s speed
    Infrared LOS    1 meter
    VGA max Length    10 meters
    DVI Length    15 feet
    DVI Resolution    1920 x 1200
    SATA 1.0 speed    1.5 Gbit/s
    SATA 1.0 lenght    1m
    SATA 2.0 speed    3.0 Gbit/s
    SATA 2.0 lenght    1m
    SATA 3.0 speed    6.0 Gbit/s
    SATA 3.0 Length    1m
    eSata speed    matches revisions
    eSata Length    2 meters
    CD capacity    700mb
    DVD Single    4.7GB
    DVD Double    8.5GB
    Blu-ray Single    25GB
    Blu-ray Double    50GB
    BD-RE    Bluray recordable,erasable
    Magnetic tape    100GB to multiple TB/Cartridge
    How Swappable formats    USB, Firewire, SATA, eSATA
    HDD RPM 10,000 latency?    3ms
    HDD RPM 7200 latency?    4.16ms
    HDD RPM 5400 latency?    5.55ms
    IEEE 1394 host controller max devices?    63 devices
    Which FireWire pin connectors have the capability of supplying voltage to a device?    6-pin and 9-pin connector
    Which of the following interfaces takes advantage of the 19-pin Type A connector?    HDMI
    Which of the following answers describes(s) the characteristic features of S/PDIF?    Digital Audio Interface, Coaxial Cablin, Fiber-optic cabling
    The 15-pin ATX PSU SATA power connector supplies electrical power at the voltage(s) of:     +3.3 V; +5 V; +12 V
    The optional 8-pin PCIe power connector increases the power consumption limit for connected device to:    150W
    Hardware for graphic/CAD/CAM design workstation?    High-end GPU; Multi-core CPU; Maximum amount of Ram
    Hardware for A/V editing workstation?     Specialized sound card; Dual Monitors; Specialized GPU; High-capacity fast HDD
    For best performance, a custom workstation designed for virtualization tasks requires:    Maximum amount of Ram; Multicore CPU
    Hardware requirements PC for computer gaming?     Multicore CPU; Sppecialized GPU; High-end cooling; High Definition Sound Card
    Hardware for Home theatre PC    Audio; Video; Surround sound; HDMI; TV Tuner
    FireWire Alpha powered pins    6 pins
    FireWire Alpha unpowered pins    4 pins
    FireWire Beta powered pins    9 pins
    802.11a    5GHz, 54 Mbit/s, 1 stream, 120 meters
    802.11b    2.4 GHz; 11 Mbit/s; 1 Stream; 140 meters
    802.11g    2.4 GHz; 54 Mbit/s; 1 Stream; 140 meters
    802.11n    5Ghz/2.4Ghz; 150 Mbit/s; 4 Streams; 250 meters
    802.11ac    5Ghz; 866.7 Mbit/s; 8 Streams; 250 meters
    LCD technologies fastest response time?    Twisted Nematic(TN)
    Features of the In-Plane Switching (IPS) LCD panel technology?     High Color Quality; Wide viewing angles; Slow response times
    Features of the Twisted Nematic (TN) LCD panel technology?    Low viewing angles; Fast Response times; High Color quality
    Which of the following answers describe the function of a power inverter?    supplying voltage to backlights of an LCD panel; AC to DC
    LCD without the need for a special light source to produce a visible image?    OLED
    Extended Graphics Array (XGA) display standard?    4:3 Aspec Ratio; 1024 x 768
    Display devices with aspect ratios of 16:10 and 16:9 are commonly referred to as:    Widescreen Displays
    The Super Extended Graphics Array (SXGA) display standard features:    5:4 Aspect ratio; 1280 x 1024 resolution
    Ultra Extended Graphics Array (UXGA) display standard?    4:3 Aspect ratio; 1600 x 1200 resolution
    Widescreen Ultra Extended Graphics Array (WUXGA) display standard    16:10 Aspect ratio; 1920 x 1200 resolution
    Test reachability    ping command
    Test reachability to a TCP/IP address    ping <io address>
    ping until stopped with Ctrl-c    ping -t <ip address>
    Resolve address to a hostname    ping -a <ip address>
    Send a # of echo requests    ping -n <count> <ip address>
    Send with Don't Fragment flag set    ping -f <ip address>
    Windows TCP/IP configuration    ipconfig
    Show all TCP/IP details    inconfig /all
    Release the DHCP lease    ipconfig /release
    Renew the DHCP lease    ipconfig /renew
    Flush the DNX resolver cache    ipconfig /flushdns
    Route a packet takes to destination(Win)    traceret
    Route a packet takes to destination(Linux)    tracerout
    Network statistics    netstat
    Network statistics Show active connections    netstat -a
    Network statistics Show binaries    netstat -b
    Network statistics Do not resolve names    netstat -n
    Query NetBios over TCP/IP information    nbtstat
    List local NetBios names    nbtstat -n
    List Remote Net Bios names    nbtstat -A <ip address>
    List remote NetBios IP    nbtstat -a <device name>
    Windows network commands    NET
    Map a network share to a driver letter    NET USE (net use h: \\<servername>\<sharename>
    Stop a service    NET STOP (net stop spooler)
    Start a service    NET START (net start spooler)
    View network recourses    NET VIEW (net view \\<servername>)
    Manage active directory database    netdom (netdom resetpwd /s:server /ud:domain\User /pd:*)
    Lookup information from DNS servers    nslookup (nslookup 8.8.8.8)
    Just import tab separated text file add your tags and you are good to go. If you needs a database with all the tags present pm me and i will get you a shareable link. I Apologize for any grammar mistakes I made, the flashcards were made during the study process.

    Cheers!
     

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